Turner syndrome essay

In some cases, an error occurs in cell division during early stages of fetal development. Cause[ edit ] Turner syndrome is caused by the absence of one complete or partial copy of the Turner syndrome essay chromosome in some or all the cells.

Treatment In recent years, the condition has been treated using a growth hormone, given as injections under the skin subcutaneous in the evening. The most common features to look for in newborns are webbing of the neck extra folds of skinpoor feeding, oedematous hands and feet, spoon shaped nails, low set ears, small jaw, high arched palate, low hairline, droopy eyelids, short fourth toe, short fingers, broad chest and widely spaced nipples.

Risk factors The loss or alteration of the X chromosome occurs randomly. If not present at birth, it does not develop later in life. Ongoing research in reproduction and adoption make it possible for these women to marry and raise children. Complications Turner syndrome can affect the proper development of several body systems, but varies greatly among individuals with the syndrome.

Turner syndrome can cause a variety of medical and developmental problems, including short height, failure of the ovaries to develop and heart defects.

As with the other cardiovascular malformations, complications of aortic dilatation is commonly associated with 45,X karyotype. Their body proportions are normal. The fourth metacarpal bone fourth toe and ring finger may be unusually short, as may the fifth. Girls with this syndrome may have many middle ear infections during childhood; if not treated, these chronic infections could cause hearing loss.

About one-third of all women with Turner syndrome have one of three kidney abnormalities: However, bicuspid valves are more likely to deteriorate and later fail. Greatly reduced growth in height of a female child should lead to a chromosome test if no diagnosis has already been made.

Girls and women with Turner syndrome need ongoing medical care from a variety of specialists. A regular ultrasound examination of the heart is recommended in all girls with Turner syndrome. Complications that can occur include: Thyroid[ edit ] Approximately one-third of all women with Turner syndrome have a thyroid disorder.

Up to the age of about 2 years, growth in height is approximately normal, but then it lags behind that of other girls. The genetic alterations of Turner syndrome may be one of the following: Ongoing research in reproduction and adoption make it possible for these women to marry and raise children.

Up to the age of about 2 years, growth in height is approximately normal, but then it lags behind that of other girls.

Whether aortic root diameters that are relatively large for body surface area but still well within normal limits imply a risk for progressive dilatation remains unproven. The prevalence of this abnormality also is low around 2.

Girls with this syndrome may have many middle ear infections during childhood; if not treated, these chronic infections could cause hearing loss.

Biology/turner syndrome term paper 3069

A regular ultrasound examination of the heart is recommended in all girls with Turner syndrome. Girls with Turner syndrome are generally born with ovaries and egg cells, but the lack of X-chromosome material results in gradual disappearance of the egg cells. However, a very small number of women may become pregnant spontaneously, and some can become pregnant with fertility treatment.

Due to the non-functioning ovaries in women with classic turner syndrome, classic turner syndrome is not hereditary.The free Biology research paper (turner syndrome essay) presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service.

If you need fresh and competent research / writing on Biology, use the professional writing service offered by our company. Read this Science Essay and over 88, other research documents.

Turner Syndrome. There are many possible reasons why a child may grow slowly, including: hereditary factors (short parents), diseases affecting the kidneys; /5(1).

The free Biology research paper (turner syndrome essay) presented on this page should not be viewed as a sample of our on-line writing service. If you need fresh and competent research / writing on Biology, use the professional writing service offered by our company.

All Turner Syndrome Articles

Turner Syndrome It was first described inand first diagnose in Now a days, 1 of 2, females are born with this syndrome. Turner syndrome (also known as TS) is named after the famous endocrinologist Henry Turner, who was the first person to described and published any.

Turner syndrome may be diagnosed before birth (prenatally), during infancy or in early childhood. Occasionally, in females with mild signs and symptoms of Turner syndrome, the diagnosis is delayed until the teen or young adult years. Essay on Turner Syndrome Turner Syndrome, discovered by Henry H.

Turner syndrome

Turner, is a chromosomal deficiency that mainly affects females. Those affected by Turner Syndrome usually only have 45 chromosomes versus the normal

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Turner syndrome essay
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